Comparative Study Worksheet 2020-21 – DISCONTINUED

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A guide to planning, researching and creating your DP Film Comparative Study

  • Follow the directions for each step below
  • Include for your work where it is required

Student Work

  • To be placed after students create posts

Steps and Tasks

  1. Brainstorm possible films for the task. You must select TWO films from contrasting cultural contexts.
  2. Brainstorm and justify at least three different areas of FILM FOCUS for your two chosen films.
  3. Brainstorm and justify at least two different CULTURAL CONTEXTS for your two chosen films.
  4. Consolidate your ideas and develop at least three different RESEARCH QUESTION topics for your study.
  5. Finalize your choices and select your RESEARCH QUESTION. Choose two films for comparison.
  6. Develop the main arguments you will make about your topic.
  7. Collect evidence from the films that support your argument.
  8. Research secondary sources for information that supports your argument.
  9. Write your Narration and plan the audio-visual components of your video essay.
  10. Recordassemble, and edit your Comparative Study Video Essay.
  11. Create a Works Cited document (separately) once your Comparative Study is finished.

Guidance for Your Work

“Simple formative analysis of film elements, no matter how precise or insightful, won’t cut it which is why the research question needs to be crafted in such a way that it provides scope for theoretical and socio-historic exploration. It’s basically an EE in disguise but focusing on two very different textual sources.”

Comparative Study Task Components

For this assessment task, each student identifiesselects, and researches each of the following task components.

  1. TASK 1: One area of film focus.
  2. TASK 2: Two films for comparison from within the chosen area of film focus, one of which originates from a contrasting time (historical) or space (geographical) to the personal context of the student, and the other film identified for comparison must arise from a contrasting cultural context to the first film. Students are required to select films they have not previously studied in depth. The selected films cannot come from the prescribed list of film texts provided for the textual analysis assessment task and, once selected, the films cannot be used by the student in any other assessment task for the DP film course or the extended essay.
  3. TASK 3: A clearly defined topic for a recorded multimedia comparative study, which links both the selected films and the identified area of film focus. Each student should invest time in researchingdeveloping, and honing their topic (which in most cases is likely to be expressed in the form of a research question) to ensure it is clear, focused and concise, in order to provide them with the maximum potential for success in this task. The topic should seek to enrich the student’s understanding of the chosen area of film focus and should avoid a plot-driven approach to the comparison.

The assessment criteria for this task requires students to provide a strong justification for the choice of task components as part of the recorded multimedia comparative study. This includes the student’s justification for how films arise from contrasting cultural contexts.

1. FILM Choices List

Which films are you considering for your final Comparative Study? List as many as you wish below as part of an initial brainstorm. Remember that you must select ​​TWO​​ films from contrasting cultural contexts for this task.e.g. CITIZEN KANE Year, Country, and Director of the film.e.g. 1941, USA, Dir: Orson Welles
1917 2019, England, Dir: Sam Mendes
Saving Private Ryan 1998, USA, Dir: Steven Spielberg
Dunkirk 2017, England/USA, Dir: Christopher Nolan
  • Joyeux Noël: 2005, France, Dir: Christian Carion
  • Hacksaw Ridge: 2016, USA, Dir: Mel Gibson

2. Areas of FILM FOCUS

Film Focus Possibility – identify the broad focus area and then add specifics (e.g. “THEORY – Auteur theory” or “GENRE – Horror”). Develop at least THREE options…you can create more by adding more rows. Justification for this Film Focus. Be as specific as possible.
GENRE – War Some of my favorite films are from the war/drama genre. I think this would be a good film focus because it would allow me to investigate what I am interested in.
THEORY – New Criticism and the Formalist Theory With the formalist theory, I would be able to pick films apart and see why they are constructing films like this.


For this assessment task, “cultural context” involves consideration of some of the following factors, some of which may be blended (such as socioeconomic factors).

  • Economic, Geographical, Historical, Institutional, Political, Social, Technological
Identify at least TWO Cultural Context possibilities for your chosen films.
Justification for this Cultural Context. Be as specific as possible.
Historical Over the years, films change in many ways. How do war films change over time? Do they all use the same movements to convey the same messages? Are these messages carried over time? Events in history seem to change the way we capture these filmmaking ideas.
Technological As time goes on, the technological side of filmmaking is evolving. We are seeing better VFX and new editing styles. As technology grows, films start to grow with it.

Possibility: Over time (Historically- life-changing events) how has technology changed?

4. RESEARCH QUESTION Possibilities

Consolidate your thoughts above and develop at least ​THREE​​ different research question possibilities. More are possible by adding additional rows to the table below. FYI these will be shared with the full class for discussion of strengths and weaknesses.

Your Chosen Area of Film Focus Topic for Comparative Study (written as a research question)
GENRE – War To what extent have war films changed over time technologically?
THEORY – New Criticism and the Formalist Theory To what extent do historically different war films compare according to the Formalist Theory?
GENRE – War To what extent do war films compare/contrast according to the culture they originate from?

5. Final Decisions

Using your topic options in the table above, select ​ONE​​ to be your final topic for this Comparative Study task. NOTE: There are examples from the IB of what this should look like below this table.

Your Chosen Area of Film Focus Film 1 Film 2 Contrasting Cultural Context Topic for Comparative Study practice task (written as a research question)
Formalist Theory in War Films 1917 Saving Private Ryan Historically (difference in time) and technological (new technology and techniques) To what extent do historically different war films compare according to the Formalist Theory?

(Historically different: 21 years apart).

6. Developing Your Topic

Develop 3-5 main arguments that can be made about your topic based on your research question and chosen film focus. Brainstorm how you could support these arguments within your video essay.
Editing in the formalist theory I would compare the two films by looking at their editing. See what is similar and what is different. Do they produce a different feeling?
Camera Movements in the formalist theory I would compare the two films by looking at their camera movements. See what is similar and what is different. Do they produce a different feeling?
Sound in the formalist theory  I would compare the two films by looking at their sound. See what is similar and what is different. Do they produce a different feeling?
Lighting in the formalist theory  I would compare the two films by looking at their lighting. See what is similar and what is different. Do they produce a different feeling?

7. Selecting Supporting Evidence (Primary)

Identify at least 15 scenes from your chosen films that will help support the arguments you have outlined above. Screen clip a frame from each scene below. Write notes about how this scene helps support your argument. (These notes will help form your voice-over narration.)

1:44:00 – Music+

  • The film’s score (music) becomes a faster pace when in a life or death situation.
  • 1917: More music-driven. Stays the whole fight.
    • Saving Private Ryan: Stops as soon as the enemy is placed in the frame

1:22:07 – Music+

Same as above

0:12:11 – Shaky Camera when there is tension

  • Saving Private Ryan: Shaky camera for the effect of chaos and nothing going to plan. They are just trying to survive.
  • 1917: Took more of a Hollywood approach
    • The camera is continuously on a steady cam.

0:12:24 – Steady Camera when there is some tension

Same as above

0:03:43 – Cuts to tell a story – And it provides continuity.

  • Saving Private Ryan and 1917 take different routes to tell a certain story of a war.
  • 1917: It was made to look like it is filmed in one shot but there are many hidden cuts throughout the movie.
  • Saving Private Ryan: Uses cuts to produce a continuous film.

0:19:23 – Hidden cuts

Same as above


Camera movement follows the soldiers but is not as effective as in 1917.


Camera movement makes the viewer feel like they are following the soldiers


Close-ups vs full/long shots:

  • Saving Private Ryan – Use of many close-ups
  • 1917 – Rarely any close-ups: the closest shot is most likely a medium shot


Same as above


Saving Private Ryan: Use of a slower frame rate for effect on the viewer.

1917: Frame rate does not change


Same as above
Cannot support with a visual Saving Private Ryan’s plot and the story seems much slower even when it covers more days and more events.
Cannot support with a visual Opposite for 1917


Private Ryan transforms from his WWII self to his self in the present.

*Add more rows as needed.

8. Selecting Supporting Evidence (Secondary)

Identify at least 3-5 secondary sources (articles, books, websites, video essays, etc.) which provide information that help support your arguments being made. In this column include the specific source citations. Summarize the detailed information from the secondary source that you can use in this column. (You can copy+paste if they are from online sources.)
  • 12 FPS
  • Interviews
  • 45 and 90-degree shutters
  • Camera = viewer
  • The viewer is imbedded into the scene
  • Long takes
  • Amazing interviews
  • Camera equipment
  • Camera movements
  • Lighting
Great interview with Roger Deakins
  • Coherent Chaos
  • Learned from other films – 2:55
  • The subjective experience of the war
  • 3 Different perspectives

*Add more rows as needed.

9. Writing Your Narration

Using the information, scene choices, and external sources you have compiled in parts 6-8, you will now write your voiceover narration and match it up to your chosen visual examples.

For the final Comparative Study, your narration should be no longer than 10 minutes in length.

Assemble in Two-Column AV Formatt in Celtx (Tutorial) or use Google Docs

Remember that you need to:

  • COMPARE and CONTRAST your two chosen film using the arguments and evidence you identified in parts 6-8
  • Begin your narration with a detailed justification for the chosen cultural contrast
  • Use an equal balance of the two selected films.
  • Write in a third-person voice to construct your argument (similar in tone to your Extended Essay and other
    comparative analytical work you have written in Film class).
  • Identify where any WRITTEN TEXT will appear on the screen and highlight this (to reference during the
    creation/editing stage)
Voiceover Narration Ideas Which visual evidence/scenes line up to this part of the narration?

10. Assembling the Comparative Study

Now you will collect all media resources needed for the task and construct your video essay.


  • Import the digital copy of your chosen films into editing software
  • Identify and extract chosen scenes and clips
  • Place and edit clips into a rough timeline for your video essay
  • Record audio narration (both partners should participate in narrating this practice task)
    into an audio file using recording equipment (Zoom recorders, iPhone, DSLR Rode video
    mic, etc.)
  • Import your recorded narration audio file into your project timeline
  • Assemble, edit and fine-tune clips and narration until your video essay takes shape
  • Create and add any required textual information in the timeline (including black slate at the start)
  • Audio mixing of narration and movie clips (adjust levels so that narration and movie sounds complement each other)
  • Export the final video essay movie file
    • Upload Unlisted draft to YouTube for peer review
  • Create Works Cited list separately (Google Doc)

*NOTE: Separate tutorial and tips sessions will be held throughout this process to provide guidance on recording your voice-over narration and mixing the audio levels successfully.

Examples of Possible Task Components (from the IB)

Area of film focus Film 1 Film 2 Possible topic for comparative study
Film movement: German Expressionism The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920) Edward Scissorhands (1990) How and with what effect are specific film elements of German expressionism used within a chosen contemporary film?
Film movement: French New Wave Breathless (1960) Badlands (1973) The influence of the French New Wave on New Hollywood’s use of innovative film elements in its representation of youth and violence.
Film genre and film style: Black comedy No. 3 (1997) The Big Lebowski (1998) To what extent do “black comedy” films differ according to cultural context?
Film theory: Soviet Montage Battleship Potemkin (1925) Koyaanisqatsi (1982) To what extent are specific features of Soviet montage theory faithfully employed in a contemporary experimental film?

External Assessment Criteria SL and HL

Peer Review Checklist


TASK COMPONENTS (ACTION) Notes / Suggestions
__ Assemble Findings
__ Develop a personal and critically reflective perspective
__ Identify and gather appropriate audio-visual material to support the study
__ Justify the chosen topic and selected films
__ Make sure that the text is in a formal academic register (can be in the 1st person)
__ Balance between visual and spoken elements
__ Make clear reference to your sources as on-screen citations (text on-screen)
__ Make sure primary weight of evidence for the study from the two chosen films
__ Make sure each film is given equal consideration
__ Make sure film language information is communicated clearly throughout (avoid “to be” verbs – make statements like “blah is this.”)
__ Make sure information is communicated logically rooted in film language
__ Have another student highlight the WHAT WHY HOW in your draft screenplay
__ Recorded voice and edited commentary numerous times until happy with the material
__ Make sure your name and the school’s name ARE NOT IN THE ESSAY
__ Make sure to have 10 second title card with: 1. Area of film focus, 2. Titles of the two films for comparison, and 3. The chosen topic
__ Include breaks in your recorded commentary to enable other audio-visual material included in the study to be clearly heard (if needed)
__ Make sure film clip length matches points being made
__ Make sure still images have citations on-screen, if you have them
__ Make sure text on screen is legible and spelled correctly
__ Make sure information is communicated audibly (levels are good for all sound)
__ Make sure information is communicated visually appropriate manner
__ Make sure background music is from Creative Commons and is cited
__ Make sure edits are clean
__ Make sure presentation is 10 minutes maximum, including title card and credits
__ Make sure two films are listed in sources